Weygand, Maxime

   Born in Brussels, Belgium, Maxime Weygand was educated at saint-cyr and, at the beginning of World War I, served as chief of staff for general Ferdinand foch and was his close adviser for the rest of that conflict. He was sent to Poland in 1920 as a military adviser during the Polish-soviet War, then, in 1923, served as high commissioner in Syria. A member of the Supreme War Council (1924) and director of the Center for Military Studies (Centre des hautes études militaires), he was named as chief of the French Army General Staff and left military service in 1935. In 1939, with war imminent, general Weygand was named commander in chief of the Mediterranean theater of operations and, in May 1940, was called by paul reynaud to replace general maurice gamelin as supreme commander. He tried to oppose the enemy invasion with a resistance at the Somme and at the Aisne Rivers, and then was advised to accept an armistice for which the government accepted full responsibility. Named minister of national defense in the vichy government (June-september 1940) and delegate-general of Marshal Philippe pétain in North Africa (1940-41), he signed the agreements with the Americans that would facilitate the Allied landing of 1942 (Weygand-Murphy Accords, 1941) and succeeded in preventing the application of the Darlan-Warlimont agreements. Recalled to France on the orders of the Germans, he was arrested and interned in Germany (1942). Freed (1945), he was tried before the High Court of Justice by the government of General charles de gaulle, but in 1948 he was exonerated of all the main charges against him. Besides his Mémoires (1950-57), general Weygand left Histoire de l'armée française (1938) and a biography, Foch (1947). He was elected to the Académie Française in 1931.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Weygand, Maxime — born Jan. 21, 1867, Brussels, Belg. died Jan. 28, 1965, Paris, France Belgian born French army officer. He was educated in France and taught at the French cavalry school. He served as chief of staff to Gen. Ferdinand Foch (1914–23), as high… …   Universalium

  • Weygand, Maxime — ► (1867 1965) Militar francés. Jefe del Estado Mayor de Foch durante la Primera Guerra Mundial y jefe de la misión militar francesa que ayudó a los polacos a rechazar la ofensiva bolchevique contra Varsovia (1920). Bajo Pétain ocupó el Ministerio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weygand — Weygand, Maxime …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maxime Weygand — General Maxime Weygand Born 21 January 1867(1867 01 21) Brussels …   Wikipedia

  • WEYGAND (M.) — WEYGAND MAXIME (1867 1965) Né de parents inconnus dont l’un appartenait sans doute à la famille royale de Belgique le futur généralissime des armées françaises entre à Saint Cyr en 1885 à titre étranger (sous le nom de Nimal) et en sort dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Weygand — (Maxime) (1867 1965) général français. Il reçut le 19 mai 1940 le commandement suprême des armées françaises et conseilla l armistice le 12 juin. Acad. fr. (1931) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Weygand — Maxime Weygand Maxime Weygand Naissance 21 janvier 1867 Bruxelles, Belgique Décès 28 janvier&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maxime Weygand — auf dem Titelbild von Time, 1933 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxime Weygand — en 1933 General de Ejército Años de servicio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Weygand — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Friedrich Weygand (1911–1969), deutscher Chemiker Hermann Weygand (1830–1890), deutscher Militärschriftsteller Maxime Weygand (1867–1965), französischer General und Politiker Robert Weygand (* 1948), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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